Creating a practical and durable flooring requires a certain investment, experience and patience. It is not enough just to lay linoleum on the floor; you need to purchase additional materials for it, which will become indispensable helpers at all stages of installation.
The main goal during installation is to mask the joints as much as possible, avoid blisters and maintain the aesthetic characteristics of the material. If you choose the right consumables, then the coating will end into a real decoration for the interior.
The list of additional products varies depending on the type of flooring. Some products are monitored on an adhesive base, others are fixed with skirting boards and sills. Therefore, consumables must be purchased together with floor materials.
One of the most common materials used in the decoration of residential and commercial premises. It is a modern embodiment of comfort and home coziness, which gives warmth and excellent sound insulation.
There are several ways to install carpet:
Free (with fixing the canvas along the walls using plinths or sills);
Adhesive (applied to the lower part of a special adhesive solution or glued with double-sided tape);
Stretching (pulling on special gripper rails that securely fix the surface, preventing displacement).
But before starting the work itself, the rolls must be unwound and allowed to lie in the room for at least a day. By the way, this applies to any floor covering, because acclimatization is an important factor that allows products to adapt to a certain temperature and humidity.
The category of products used for fixing ceramic tiles includes adhesives and grouting compounds.
Before applying the adhesive that allows the tiles to adhere to the walls, the surface must be carefully leveled with a primer and grout. The composition of the adhesive solution directly depends on the quality of the tile base, the required thickness of the adhesive and also the type of room (bath, kitchen, pool or sauna, etc.)
The use of cement and sand mortar is still common, but this cannot guarantee the durability of the fixing of the tiles. When moisture enters, cavities appear, which grow and the bonding agent gradually collapses. Pressure and blows have the same detrimental effect.
Cement-polymer and polymer solutions are more suitable for these purposes, which means it is worth a little overpay and give them preference. Dry mixes are ideal for grouting. They are less prone to shrinkage and cracking, which means that harmful bacteria and moisture will have nowhere to accumulate. But if the seams are constantly exposed to external factors, instead of a dry mix, you need to use epoxy-based products.
The installation of any laminate model is based on the installation of a soft substrate. If you miss this important point, then walking and dropping small objects will turn into a real crash. In addition, the underlayment helps to keep warmth in the room, so you can walk barefoot on the floor.
When laying laminate strips, in no case should you use glue and other means that connect the base and the product itself. Here it is necessary to adhere to the "floating" floor technique, which allows the surface to "breathe" calmly, depending on changes in temperature and humidity.
It is not uncommon when a special floor heating system is placed under the laminate. This is completely safe for the material itself, and, moreover, makes life more comfortable.
There are several options for "warm floor" technology:
Ordinary polymer pipes for hot water;
Electric cable, molded into a screed;
Infrared system, considered the simplest and safest.
We start, as always, with the preparation of the foundation. Not only foamy layers, but also plywood cut into squares in advance can serve as a substrate here. It is fixed to the screed with long screws and dowels, and the parquet itself is attached to it with glue and nails.
But the plywood itself must be treated appropriately so that it can resist moisture. It is the moisture that contributes to the drying out of the entire structure and the appearance of unpleasant squeaks and swelling.
plywood for laminate
After the installation of the final natural wood finish, it must be sanded, primed and treated to preserve or emphasize the wood grain and add life. For such purposes, varnish and oil are ideal, and in some cases paint can also be considered, if this is justified by the peculiarities of the interior.
Some vinyl tile collections look like laminate flooring, but their installation principle is fundamentally different. The floor here must be completely flat, without a single mound and depression, otherwise this area will be felt when walking and will collapse most quickly. Therefore, it is necessary to level the floor with a special leveling compound.
If you do not want to spend money on working with the base, then, as with parquet, you can use sheets of thick plywood treated with a primer as a substrate. They provide reliable and uniform bonding to the bottom layer of the tile using a special adhesive for PVC.
Half of the installation difficulties can be solved by purchasing self-adhesive vinyl tiles. After removing the protective film, it is pressed against the plywood and leveled with a roller. As a result, there are no glue residues, and the work itself is done 2 times faster.
Linoleum is laid according to the same principle as PVC tiles, but what about marmoleum? Surely, its natural composition requires special attention during installation work, otherwise the structure will be irretrievably damaged?
In fact, marmoleum is more resistant to various chemicals, unlike household linoleum, but it has another significant drawback - it is very fragile around the perimeter and is not adapted to re-folding. Plus, it's very difficult to cut.
If you want to lay tiles without a lock joint, then you can use a simple glue for linoleum, but it is better to find a specialized adhesive with natural ingredients.
The solution itself should not be applied to the entire surface, but in zigzag stripes, which will allow some fragments to freely narrow and expand under the influence of the surrounding atmosphere.
You need to prepare for finishing work in advance, otherwise problems may arise during finishing, which will lead to irreversible damage to the material.